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2021.11.17Non-communicable Disease Branch of Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health
Breast cancer is a malignant tumour formed in the breast tissues. It occurs in both women and men, although breast cancer in men is rare.
Women with the following risk factors are at increased risk of breast cancer:
Other risk factors include:
The symptoms of breast cancer may not be easily noticed at an early stage.
Common symptoms include:
You should consult a doctor as soon as possible if you develop any of the above symptoms.
Every woman should be breast aware and familiar with the normal look and feel of their breasts at all time. Be aware of any unusual changes of their breast.If women notice unusual changes in the breast, they should see a doctoras soon as possible.
The purpose of breast cancer screening is to detect breast cancer before it gives rise to symptoms, so that early treatment can be initiated.Mammography is a widely used screening tool which is an X-ray examination of the breasts.
Based on available international and local scientific evidence, the Government’s Cancer Expert Working Group on Cancer Prevention and Screening (CEWG) makes the recommendations on breast cancer screening for women at different risk profiles as follows:
Of note, all screening tests have their limitations and they are not 100% accurate. There are false-positive and false-negative results. All women who consider breast cancer screening should discuss with doctors on the potential benefits and harms before undergoing screening.
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